Product Summary: AMA rates
Endoscopic procedure used for breaking up a bladder stone. Either with a stone crusher or laser
Item Number: 36863, 105
Why is it done?
- To break up a bladder calculus (stone).
- Bladder outflow obstruction.
- BPH with chronic retention.
- Urethral stricture.
- Neurogenic bladder.
- Renal calculi disease.
- Metabolic disorders.
- Chronic infections.
- Foreign objects in bladder.
- An informed consent is required from the patient.
- Female patients should confirm that they are not pregnant.
- Patients may not eat or drink from midnight the previous evening.
- Patients are to refrain from smoking before the procedure.
- Patients allergic to IODINE / CHLORHEXIDINE should clearly state this to theatre staff and to Dr Schoeman.
- Patients with cardiac illnesses require a Cardiologist/ Physician’s report.
- A chest X-ray is required for patients with lung disease.
- Where required, Pre-Op blood tests are required 4 days before the procedure
- This is a day surgery procedure, unless more involved pathology is suspected or found during the procedure.
How is it done?
- A cystoscopy is performed by placing a camera in the urethra with the help of a lubricant jelly and an irrigant (fluid).
- The bladder is then distended with fluid (saline).
- The inside of the bladder is viewed for pathology.
- If any suspicious lesions are seen, a biopsy will be taken.
- Stone crushing is attempted with a lithotrite ( a large crushing jaw-device).
- If the calculus is too large, laser will be utilised.
- Antibiotics may be given to prevent infection.
What to expect after the procedure?
- Hematuria ( blood in your urine)
- You will have a n indwelling catheter (IDC), which will remain in your bladder until your urine is clear.
- You may have a continuous bladder irrigation with Saline to help clear the bleeding.
- Pain on initial passing of urine when the catheter is removed.
- Bladder infection ranging from a burning sensation to, fever, to puss (rare).
- Delayed allergic reaction to IODINE.
- Lower abdominal discomfort which will persist for a few days.
- NB! Each person is unique and for this reason symptoms vary.
- This all depends on what is found during the procedure. All the options will be discussed in detail.
- There may be some blood in the urine. This can be remedied by drinking plenty of fluids until it clears.
- A ward prescription will be issued to patients on discharge, for own collection at any pharmacy.
- Patients should schedule a follow-up appointment within 1 month to discuss the etiology of the calculus as well as what other procedures may be involved to prevent this from occurring again.
- Please don’t hesitate to direct all further queries to Dr Schoeman.
Cysto-Lithopaxy (379 KB)